Pinocchio and the Film’s Life Lessons

By Aylin Montoya

Disney’s Pinocchio premiered on February 23, 1940, receiving critical acclaim and today is  considered one of the greatest animated films of all time. Pinocchio is filled with music and wonderful acting, which led the film to win an award for best song (for “When You Wish Upon A Star”) and for best original score. But apart from the music and story, Pinocchio leaves the audience with important timeless life lessons, highlighted by the characters and their journey throughout the film. 

   A crucial lesson in Pinocchio is to be wary of finding the easy route in life, which is embodied in the setting of Pleasure Island. Pinocchio follows Lampwick to Pleasure Island where they can play, drink alcohol, smoke, and do everything they want without supervision. It is a place where children who do not want responsibilities get tricked into having a life without limits. The result of living a life without responsibilities? In the end, all the children get turned into donkeys by a curse that is on the island which turns naughty boys into “jackasses” with the Coachmen then taking them hostage. It is conveyed in a dark way for a children’s movie, but the lesson remains clear. The children turned into donkeys as a consequence of taking the easy route in life, Pleasure Island, then falling victim to that same mentality of living a lazy life, causing them to become donkeys. The same easy route they thought would make them free only trapped them into a life filled with limits, highlighting how bad habits and being lazy only lead to consequences and being trapped in a destructive way of life. 

     From the beginning of the film, Pinocchio refuses to listen to his conscience, who is embodied by Jiminy Cricket. Jiminy warns Pinocchio about doing so as he states, “Go ahead, make a fool of yourself then maybe you’ll listen to your conscience.” Jiminy’s warning to Pinocchio is specifically illustrated in a crucial dramatic scene of the film. Pinocchio is drinking beer and smoking a cigar while Lampwick laughs as he starts to turn into a donkey. At this point in the movie Jiminy Cricket has figured out what is going on in the island and goes to warn Pinocchio. As he goes to find Pinocchio, Lampwick is complaining about Pinocchio’s conscience as he states, “Where does he get that stuff from?”, because to Lampwick, he knows everything and conscience is just an oppressive force to not be free to live life. Pinocchio continues to drink his beer until he notices Lampwick start to transform and it stops him right in his tract because reality has hit him. By the time Lampwick notices he has turned into a donkey, his laugh becomes a bray and he gets hoofs. He kicks around the room and leaps until he stops at a mirror, but instead of seeing the reality, he breaks the mirror. Lampwick refused to see his mistake until the very end and he never listened to his conscience, which only led him to make mistakes that could have been avoided had he reflected on his actions. It is because Pinocchio finally listens to Jiminy right before he fully transforms that he is able to escape. Everybody makes mistakes and we should learn from them, but there are mistakes that can be avoided if we can reflect on what the right thing to do is. 

     Another important lesson Pinocchio teaches is that reaching goals takes time and at times hardships happen, but it is important to keep going. Once Pinocchio and Jiminy Cricket get off of Pleasure Island a new hardship is confronted: a big cliff that only leads to an ocean with turbulent waves. Pinocchio’s journey towards home (and becoming a real boy as he wishes) is not over, as he is confronted with a cliff where he must dive into the unknown. It highlights that in order to get to a good place, he had to go through a worse place first. Pinocchio knows the journey home is going to be difficult, but he still leaps forward and swims with Jiminy Cricket through the turbulent sea. What follows is more hardship, but Pinocchio does not give up, and in the end he does reach home and meets up again with his father, Geppetto. His wish of becoming a real boy does happen in the end, despite the difficulties he had to go through, because he did not give up on his journey. 

     Sometimes it feels as if plans are not going well and we can feel like giving up on our goals, but it is important to keep going because journeys take time and often hardships happen. Like Pinocchio, learn from your mistakes and like Jiminy Cricket teaches Pinocchio, don’t forget to listen to your conscience. You can reach your goals so keep going!

How Star Wars Impacted Cinema and Pop Culture Forever

By Aylin Montoya

The lightsaber was the weapon used by the Jedi and introduced to the world in the cultural phenomenon Star Wars. The Original Star Wars trilogy premiered on May 25th, 1977, with the episode A New Hope. A New Hope was fantastic with the viewers going on a journey as Luke Skywalker goes on a mission to save Princess Leia from captivity and is then put on a mission to help destroy the Death Star, the Empire’s greatest weapon that could blow up entire planets.

Since then, Star Wars’ popularity has only grown with a controversial sequel trilogy, that is distributed by Disney and continues the Skywalker Saga. At conventions like San Diego and New York Comic-Con as well as Star Wars Celebration, thousands of fans celebrate the story that took place a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away. People dress up as beloved characters such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, and more while playing games and attending panels with the cast of the films. It’s a huge opportunity for Star Wars fans around the world to unite and celebrate the universe and characters they care so much about. This, of course, would not have happened without A New Hope’s release in 1977. Not only did A New Hope introduce Luke Skywalkers and his journey to fight the empire, but its release changed cinema forever. 

Before A New Hope, cinema portrayed science fiction in a specific and narrow way. The plots of mainstream science fiction films often involved aliens and were set in the future. A New Hope was different in that it was set in a past universe and time, taking place “a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away.” In comparison to the perfect societies aliens lived in, the characters in Star Wars faced greater dilemmas that explored real-life issues that can occur on any planet. Luke Skywalker’s journey of wanting to leave his planet of Tatooine illustrated what it feels like to grow up and yearn for change or adventure. The Rebellion’s struggle against the Empire’s plans to rule the galaxy is a problem that people around the world face: having to fight against tyrannical rulers who want to take away freedom and rights.  

Alongside it’s themes, A New Hope also helped change the way films were made. A New Hope was so visually appealing that it inspired other filmmakers to find ways to improve film visuals. But before that happened, Star Wars creator George Lucas found ways to improve visual effects for A New Hope itself. The Dystralex was the first motion control photography camera system, created by John Dykstra, used specifically for the visuals and effects in A New Hope. The Dystraflex was different as the camera moved while the object or model stayed stationary. Each spaceship was filmed individually before combining the shots to form one shot of a space battle or chase. Although visual effects have improved immensely since then, in 1977 the Dystraflex was legendary as it helped create better illusions of moving objects. That’s why the iconic opening scene looked so real when the Imperial Star Destroyer chased the Tantive IV, which carried Princess Leia who had the Rebellion’s plans. It was that space chase that started it all, so a great innovation that improved camera technology was crucial to make Star Wars what it is today. Acknowledged for their spectacular  visual effects, Star Wars won best visual effects at the 1978 Academy Awards, leading others to follow in improving visuals for the film industry. 

In addition to affecting how films were made, the release of A New Hope revolutionized pop culture. One of the biggest impacts of Star Wars: A New Hope was how toys were seen. In 1977, when A New Hope premiered it was an instant hit. Children all over the United States and the world were lining up in front of stores to buy Star Wars merchandise, or toys. These toys and action figures became so popular that adults started lining up to buy them as well. Historian Sharon Scott discusses this in her book Toys and American Culture: An Encyclopedia where she states: “When vintage Star Wars toys in good condition became quite expensive, consumers began to realize that other toys in good condition might be valuable over time as well.” Starting in the ’80s, toys weren’t just seen as something kids played with for entertainment, but also something that could be collected for fun or be sold in the future.  

A New Hope not only marked a new era for film, but it brought people together. Millions of people waited for hours in order to see Luke Skywalker destroy the Death Star. After its release, Star Wars became a large part of many kids’ childhood. Since its premiere, the Star Wars enterprise  continues to grow with its fans who  remember the original trilogy and follow  the saga’s legacy. Star Wars isn’t just a movie franchise. To fans, Star Wars is a way of life and learning about this universe means a lot to them and me.